Armenians in The Ottoman Empire: Armenian Intellectuals Who Wrote Ottoman Works (1800-1923)
Keywords: Ottoman Empire, Armenians, modernization, intellectual, Ottoman Turkish
In this study, the life and works of Armenian intellectuals who lived in the Ottoman Empire between 1800 and 1923 and wrote Ottoman works will be emphasized. In the process of Armenian modernization, what are the factors in the formation of the Armenian intelligentsia will be given. In this framework, some information about the Armenian modernization process will be given in the first place, then XIX. The names of the Armenian intelligentsia will be emphasized in the 19th century. Information will also be given on the fields in which the intellectuals mentioned produce works. Then, especially in which areas the Armenian intellectuals produced works using Ottoman Turkish and the place of these works in that period will be emphasized. Attention will also be given to the life of the Armenian intellectuals, their works and their role in Ottoman modernization. Within the scope of the article, the elements that shape the Armenian intellectual world in the Ottoman Empire will be emphasized in the first place. Then, the effects of the Tanzimat and Islahat Reforms will be included in the formation of the Armenian intellectual world. It will be emphasized who are the Armenian students studying abroad in medicine, economy, law, theater, education, literature, agriculture, philology, press, and accounting. It will be emphasized who are the Armenian students studying abroad in medicine, economy, law, theater, education, literature, agriculture, philology, press, and accounting. Information on who comes to the fore in these areas will also be included. In particular, the place and effects of the works produced in these areas will be emphasized. Information on which Ottoman educational institutions these works were used and their importance today will also be included. The role of Armenians in the steps taken by the state towards modernization and westernization will also be clarified through the works translated from Western sources into Ottoman Turkish. It is also important in terms of showing the intellectual level of non-Muslims’ belonging to the state. It also tries to clarify how the majority of Armenians, as a result of the education they received from abroad, spread the knowledge and experience they have acquired when they return to the country by writing translation and copyrighted works.