War Tools and Treatment of War Wounds In Historical Turkish Medical Texts
Keywords: Turkish language,the tools of war,the tools of war,war wounds,Turkish medicine texts,history of medicine
Medical texts may contain weapons that cause war wounds, the types of wounds caused by them, the medicines to be used in these wounds, and their treatments. The relevant chapters are capable of presenting data to the world and Turkish history of war and medical history, vocabulary of Turkish in terms of war instruments, wounds and treatments. In this study, it was aimed to reveal the tools of war in medical texts, to express their wounds and treatments and to prepare them for vocabulary. In addition, it has been a motivating force to examine the subject in the literature review that the subject has not been specifically addressed. The materials of the study were collected from medical books written in Western Turkish between the 15th and 19th centuries by means of screening method, the materials were explained and witnessed in alphabetical order on the basis of war tools.
According to the results of the study, arrows, bows, mace "bozdoğan", swords, spears, field gun "top", rifles / rifles, çomak "a kind of weapon", gönder "a kind of spears", knives, zemberek "a kind of weapon" and arrowheads, war tools in the medical texts. Their characteristics were explained separately and their wounds, treatments and which nations were used were taught by the physician to other physicians. However, no information has been given about who these nations are. Arrowhead varieties constitute the richest variety of war tools in medical texts.
Wounds, purulent wounds, fractures (fracture with small crumbs, fragmentary fracture, slit fracture, large fracture, narrow fracture, wide fracture, narrow fracture, severed fracture, long fracture, cannot be removed from cartilage and meat [fracture]; the fracture in the wide ground and in the cartilaginous, small bone fracture; fracture of instep, nose fracture, collarbone fracture, hand fracture, arm fracture, thigh fracture, and backbone fractures etc), dislocations (shoulder dislocation, hip dislocation, collarbone dislocation etc), ruptures, bowel dislocations were identified as war wounds. It has been described that these can be improved by methods such as cauterization, stitching, plants and animal drugs, skillful placement, wrapping, to treat an area with mixing drugs by wrapping and special feeding.