Okan Celal GÜNGÖR



Binary Uses in Photics and Morphology Gülistan Translation

The only literary work of Kipchak Turkish, Gulistan Translation, is the complete free translation of the work of the Iranian poet Sadi by Seyfii Sarâyî on Friday, September 1, 1391. In the article, the binary uses of the phonetic and morphological features of the Gulistan Translation were studied. In phonetic information of binary uses; it is seen that it occurs in flatness-roundness harmony, in use of /ė/ ~/ e/, in vowel changes (/-a-/ ~ /-ı-/, /-e/ ~ /-ö-/, /-ü-/ ~ /-e-/, /ü-/ ~ /i-/) in apophony(ni üçün ~ niçin), in consonant harmony, in consonant mutations (/b-/ ~ /m-/, /-k-/ ~ /-g-/, /-n/ ~ /-ñ/, /-n/ ~ /-y/, /t-/ ~ /d-/, /-z-/ ~ /-s-/), in assimilation (-ln- ~ -ll-), in gemination (iki ~ ikki, iti ~ itti), in metathesis (kibi/kibin ~ bigi/bigin), in consonant deletion (/-g/ ~ /-ø/, /-l-/ ~ /-ø-/, /-n-/ ~ /-ø-/, /-r-/ ~ /-ø-/, /-y/ ~ /-ø/) and in -AgU sound group (-AgU ~ -Av), in morphology; in conjugation of first person pronoun with genitive affix (biziñ ~ bizim), in accusative case affix on possessive affixed words (+n ~ +nI), separation status affix (+DIn ~ + DAn), in future tense affix (-GAy ~ -GA ~ -IsAr), in second person singular of conditional mode (-sAñAn ~ -sAñ), in second person singular of imperative mode (-gIl ~ -ø), in second person plural of imperative mode (-Uñ ~ -ñIz/-ñUz), in verbal adverb affix (-(I)p, -(U)p, -(U)bAn), in adequacy verb (al- ~ bil-).