Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı-Eskişehir Osmangazi Üniversitesi, Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, Türk Dili ve Edebiyatı Anabilim Dalı, Eskişehir/Türkiye

Keywords: Modernism, society, revolt, struggle, power, subject, Haldun Taner


When people build societies, they aim to establish a common life order. This common life order has become a mechanism that makes itself accepted after a certain period of time. In this process, firstly, while establishing a theological-based pre-acceptance order, then a pre-acceptance order is built in which the mind is in the foreground. In both orders, it turns out that the human being is prevented from being an individual. As a matter of fact, both civilizations aim to create individuals that they shape according to their own desires. In the face of this situation, individuals who build their own ontic structure are alienated by the society, this alienation is operated at a systematic level and the ontic structure of the individual is tried to be tamed. If this happens at the desired level, the society runs the readmission mechanism. If the desired subject is not taken, they are condemned to live in a state of distress and depression. With this imprisonment process, the individual who becomes aware of himself / herself cannot become the desired subject even if he / she wants to. This crack between the society and the individual forces the individual to struggle after a certain period of time, although this struggle is in the form of passive rebellion, it leaves itself to the rebellion and the construction of the individual, thanks to the ontic adventure. The individual who starts to construct himself tries to understand the gap between social norms and himself. After a long journey of understanding, he realizes that this will not happen. Because the societies that have modernized as of the age keep people from individual journeys and make them monotonous. The individual who realizes this situation will be stuck between the mind and the soul and will not be able to get what he wants from both. Individuals that modern societies are trying to create will be forced to live like a machine, but will be locked up in mental hospitals under the name of insane in rebellion. As a matter of fact, it is revealed here that mental hospitals are in fact institutions formed sociologically by modern societies rather than a treatment center. The sole task of this sociological institution is to normalize individuals who do not conform to the rules of modern society by subjecting them to a process of adaptation. Normally, the chaotic situation that will occur with the rejection of individuals who have pre-accepted the rules of modern society from the moment of their birth will be prevented. However, the prevented and monotonous individual will lose his creativity with this process and will also be the urge to ask questions and seek answers, which are the most important characteristics of human beings. Thus, the individual who cannot be himself has to live in a society created by the abstract rules that do not belong to himself. Although individuals with awareness of this artificial society inevitably find themselves in pain, they internalize the idea of having to face living alone or being isolated in societies. In this study, the social and literary traces of the individual, who is expected to be the desired subject, that is, he is expected to close his eyes and do his duty, will be drawn on the basis of Haldun Taner’s work, Gözlerimi Kaparım Vazifemi Yaparım.