Yaman ÖRS

Keywords: Ethics,ethics of the professions,science ethics,ethics of philosophizing,charlatanism in philosophy


We see that Ethics, or the Philosophy of Moral Values, as a rule shovvs great differences, perhaps more than any other branch of philosophy, from one philosophical school or approach to the other. According to the approach of your author, who is a representative of the school of scientifıc philosophy, the basic concept of this branch of philosophy is our 'moral values', vvhich we may define as "our desires and vvishes of how our attitudes and conduct should be in any kind of relationship between individuals, the individual and the society, the individual and the State, the society and the State and so on (and, also, between man and other living beings and the natural environment as a whole)".

We may see those branches whereby the moral problems of professional fields with an academic background are philosophically inquired as the "differentiated extensions" of ethics as a branch of phisosophy into the related fields. We may consider falsification, fabrication, plagiarism and so on as being among "the ordinary moral problems" of "science ethics", where these problems are philosophically considered, the word "science" signifying here ali academic fields and not only basic sciences. But there are other moral issues involved in science which concem interhuman relationships in a more direct way. On the other hand, as a topic which has almost totally been neglected throughout philosophical evolution, the moral inquiry into philosophy as a unique academic discipline will also be discussed in this context. Besides, and parallelly, charlatanism in philosophy, too, has almost never been an the agenda of ethics. And while we discuss the latter here, we shall also treat "ethical advice" as a potenhtial instance of it.